[Date Prev] [Date Next] [Thread Prev] [Thread Next]


Nov 02, 2004 11:47 AM
by W.Dallas TenBroeck

Nov 2 2004



Part 3 -- A LAND OF MYSTERY --- by HPB



Not far from Ancon, on a circuit of six to eight miles, "on every side you
see skulls, legs, arms and whole skeletons lying about in the sand. . . . At
Parmayo, fourteen miles further down north," and on the sea-shore, is
another great burying-ground. Thousands of skeletons lie about, thrown out
by the treasure-seekers. It has more than half a mile of cutting through it.
. . . It extends up the face of the hill from the sea-shore to the height of
about 800 feet. . . . Whence come these hundreds and thousands of peoples,
who are buried at Ancon? Time and time again the archæologist finds himself
face to face with such questions, to which he can only shrug his shoulders
and say with the natives--"Quien Sabe?"--who knows?

Dr. Hutchinson writes, under date of Oct. 30, 1872, in the South Pacific
"Times":--"I am come to the conclusion that Chancay is a great city of the
dead, or has been an immense ossuary of Peru; for go where you will, on a
mountain top or level plain, or by the seaside, you meet at every turn
skulls and bones of all descriptions."

In the Huatica Valley, which is an extensive ruin, there are seventeen
mounds, called "huacas," although, remarks the writer, "they present more
the form of fortresses, or castles than burying-ground." A triple wall
surrounded the city. These walls are often three yards in thickness and from
fifteen to twenty feet high. To the east of these is the enormous mound
called Huaca of Pando . . . and the great ruins of fortresses, which natives
entitle Huaca of the Bell. La compana, the Huacas of Pando, consisting of a
series of large and small mounds, and extending over a stretch of ground
incalculable without being measured, form a colossal accumulation. The mound
"Bell" is 110 feet high. Towards Callao, there is a square plateau (278
yards long and 96 across) having on the top eight gradations of declivity,
each from one to two yards lower than its neighbour, and making a total in
length and breadth of about 278 yards, according to the calculation of J. B.
Steere, of Michigan, Professor of Natural History.

The square plateau first mentioned at the base consists of two divisions . .
. each measuring a perfect square 47 to 48 yards; the two joining, form the
square of 96 yards. Besides this, is another square of 47 to 48 yards. On
the top returning again, we find the same symmetry of measurement in the
multiples of twelve, nearly all the ruins in this valley being the same,
which is a fact for the curious. Was it by accident or design? . . . The
mound is a truncated pyramidal form, and is calculated to contain a mass of
14,641,820 cubic feet of material. . . . The "Fortress" is a huge structure,
80 feet high and 150 yards in measurement. Great large square rooms show
their outlines on the top but are filled with earth. Who brought this earth
here, and with what object was the filling-up accomplished? The work of
obliterating all space in these rooms with loose earth must have been almost
as great as the construction of the building itself. . . . Two miles south,
we find another similar structure, more spacious and with a greater number
of apartments. . . . It is nearly 170 yards in length, and 168 in breadth,
and 98 feet high. The whole of these ruins . . . were enclosed by high walls
of adobes--large mud bricks, some from 1 to 2 yards in thickness, length and
breadth. The "huaca" of the "Bell" contains about 20,220,840 cubic feet of
material, while that of "San Miguel" has 25,650,800. These two buildings
with their terraces, parapets and bastions, with a large number of rooms and
squares--are now filled up with earth!

Near "Mira Flores," is Ocheran--the largest mound in the Huatica valley. It
has 95 feet of elevation and a width of 55 yards on the summit, and a total
length of 428 yards, or 1,284 feet, another multiple of twelve. It is
enclosed by a double wall, 816 yards in length by 700 across, thus enclosing
117 acres. Between Ocharas and the ocean are from l5 to 20 masses of ruins
like those already described.

The Inca temple of the Sun, like the temple of Cholula on the plains of
Mexico, is a sort of vast terraced pyramid of earth. It is from 200 to 300
feet high, and forms a semi-lunar shape that is beyond half a mile in
extent. Its top measures about 10 acres square. Many of the walls are washed
over with red paint, and are as fresh and bright as when centuries ago it
was first put on. . . . In the Canete valley, opposite the Chincha Guano
Islands, are extensive ruins, described by Squier. From the hill called
"Hill of Gold," copper and silver pins were taken like those used by ladies
to pin their shawls; also tweezers for pulling out the hair of the eyebrows,
eyelids and whiskers, as well as silver cups.

"The coast of Peru," says Mr. Heath, "extends from Tumbey to the river Loa,
a distance of 1,233 miles. Scattered over this whole extent, there are
thousands of ruins besides those just mentioned, while nearly every hill and
spire of the mountains have upon them or about them some relic of the past,
and in every ravine, from the coast to the central plateau, there are ruins
of walls, cities, fortresses, burial-vaults, and miles and miles of terraces
and water-courses. Across the plateau and down the eastern slope of the
Andes to the home of the wild Indian, and into the unknown impenetrable
forest, still you find them. In the mountains, however, where showers of
rain and snow with the terrific thunder and lightning are nearly constant, a
number of months each year, the ruins are different. Of granite, porphyritic
lime and silicated sand-stone, these massive, colossal, cyclopean structures
have resisted the disintegration of time, geological transformation,
earthquakes, and the sacrilegious destructive hand of the warrior and

The masonry composing these walls, temples, houses, towers, fortresses, or
sepulchres, is uncemented, held in place by the incline of the walls from
the perpendicular, and adaptation of each stone to the place destined for
it, the stones having from six to many sides, each dressed, and smoothed to
fit another or others with such exactness that the blade of a small penknife
cannot be inserted in any of the seams thus formed, whether in the central
parts entirely hidden, or on the internal or external surfaces. These
stones, selected with no reference to uniformity in shape or size, vary from
one-half cubic foot to 1,500 cubic feet solid contents, and if in the many,
many millions of stones you could find one that would fit in the place of
another, it would be purely accidental. In 'Triumph Street,' in the city of
Cuzco, in a part of the wall of the ancient house of the Virgins of the Sun,
is a very large stone, known as 'the stone of the twelve corners,' since it
is joined with those that surround it, by twelve faces, each having a
different angle. Besides these twelve faces it has its internal one, and no
one knows how many it has on its back that is hidden in the masonry. In the
wall in the centre of the Cuzco fortress there are stones 13 feet high, 15
feet long, and 8 feet thick, and all have been quarried miles away. Near
this city there is an oblong smooth boulder, 18 feet in its longer axis, and
12 feet in its lesser. 

On one side are large niches cut out, in which a man can stand and, by
swaying his body, cause the stone to rock. These niches apparently were made
solely for this purpose. One of the most wonderful and extensive of these
works in stone is that called Ollantay-Tambo, a ruin situated 30 miles north
of Cuzco, in a narrow ravine on the bank of the river Urubamba. It consists
of a fortress constructed on the top of a sloping, craggy eminence.
Extending from it to the plain below, is a stony stairway. At the top of the
stairway are six large slabs, 12 feet high, 5 feet wide, and 3 feet thick,
side by side, having between them and on top narrow strips of stone about 6
inches wide, frames as it were to the slabs, and all being of dressed stone.
At the bottom of the hill, part of which was made by hand, and at the foot
of the stairs, a stone wall 10 feet wide and 12 feet high extends some
distance into the plain. In it are many niches, all facing the south."

The ruins in the Islands in Lake Titicaca, where Incal history begins, have
often been described.

At Tiahuanaco, a few miles south of the lake, there are stones in the form
of columns, partly dressed, placed in line at certain distances from each
other, and having an elevation above the ground of from 18 to 20 feet. In
this same line there is a monolithic doorway, now broken, 10 feet high by 13
wide. The space cut out for the door is 7 feet 4 inches high by 3 feet 2
inches wide. The whole face of the stone above the door is engraved. Another
similar, but smaller, lies on the ground beside it. These stones are of hard
porphyry, and differ geologically from the surrounding rock; hence we infer
they must have been brought from elsewhere.

At "Chavin de Huanta," a town in the province of Huari, there are some ruins
worthy of note. The entrance to them is by an alleyway, 6 feet wide and 9
feet high, roofed over with sandstone partly dressed, of more than 12 feet
in length. On each side there are rooms 12 feet wide, roofed over by large
pieces of sandstones, 11/2 feet thick and from 6 to 9 feet wide. The walls
of the rooms are 6 feet thick, and have some loopholes in them, probably for
ventilation. In the floor of this passage there is a very narrow entrance to
a subterranean passage that passes beneath the river to the other side. From
this many huacas, stone drinking-vessels, instruments of copper and silver,
and a skeleton of an Indian sitting, were taken. The greater part of these
ruins were situated over aqueducts. The bridge to these castles is made of
three stones of dressed granite, 24 feet long, 2 feet wide by 11/2 thick.
Some of the granite stones are covered with hieroglyphics.

At Corralones, 24 miles from Arequipa, there are hieroglyphics engraved on
masses of granite, which appear as if painted with chalk. There are figures
of men, llamas, circles, parallelograms, letters as an R and an O, and even
remains of a system of astronomy.

At Huaytar, in the province of Castro Virreina, there is an edifice with the
same engravings.

At Nazca, in the province of Ica, there are some wonderful ruins of
aqueducts, four to five feet high and 3 feet wide, very straight,
double-walled, of unfinished stone, flagged on top.

At Quelap, not far from Chochapayas, there have lately been examined some
extensive works. A wall of dressed stone, 560 feet wide, 3,660 long, and 150
feet high. The lower part is solid. Another wall above this has 600 feet
length, 500 width, and the same elevation of 150 feet. There are niches over
both walls, three feet long, one-and-a-half wide and thick, containing the
remains of those ancient inhabitants, some naked, others enveloped in shawls
of cotton of distinct colours and well embroidered. . . .

Following the entrances of the second and highest wall, there are other
sepulchres like small ovens, six feet high and twenty-four in circumference;
in their base are flags, upon which some cadavers reposed. On the north side
there is on the perpendicular rocky side of the mountain, a brick wall,
having small windows, 600 feet from the bottom. No reason for this, nor
means of approach, can now be found. 

The skillful construction of utensils of gold and silver that were found
here, the ingenuity and solidity of this gigantic work of dressed stone,
make it also probably of pre-Incal date. . . . Estimating five hundred
ravines in the 1,200 miles of Peru, and ten miles of terraces of fifty tiers
to each ravine which would only be five miles of twenty-five tiers to each
side, we have 250,000 miles of stone wall, averaging three to four feet
high--enough to encircle this globe ten times. Surprising as these estimates
may seem, I am fully convinced that an actual measurement would more than
double them, for these ravines vary from 30 to 100 miles in length. While at
San Mateo, a town in the valley of the River Rimac, where the mountains rise
to a height of 1,500 or 2,000 feet above the river bed, I counted two
hundred tiers, none of which were less than four and many more than six
miles long.

"Who then," very pertinently enquires Mr. Heath, "were these people, cutting
through sixty miles of granite; transplanting blocks of hard porphyry, of
Baalbic dimensions, miles from the place where quarried, across valleys
thousands of feet deep, over mountains, along plains, leaving no trace of
how or where they carried them; people (said to be) ignorant of the use of
wood, with the feeble llama their only beast of burden; who after having
brought these stones fitted them into stones with Mosaic precision;
terracing thousands of miles of mountain side; building hills of adobe and
earth, and huge cities; leaving works in clay, stone, copper, silver, gold,
and embroidery, many of which cannot be duplicated at the present age;
people apparently vying with Dives in riches, Hercules in strength and
energy, and the ant and bee in industry?"

Callao was submerged in 1746, and entirely destroyed. Lima was ruined in
1678; in 1746 only 20 houses out of 3,000 were left standing, while the
ancient cities in the Huatica and Lurin valleys still remain in a
comparatively good state of preservation. San Miguel de Puiro, founded by
Pizzaro in 1531, was entirely destroyed in 1855, while the old ruins near by
suffered little. Arequipa was thrown down in August, 1868, but the ruins
near show no change. In engineering, at least, the present may learn from
the past. We hope to show that it may in most things else.


To refer all these cyclopean constructions then to the days of the Incas is,
as we have shown before, more inconsistent yet, and seems even a greater
fallacy than that too common one of attributing every rock-temple of India
to Buddhist excavators. As many authorities show--Dr. Heath among the
rest--Incal history only dates back to the eleventh century, A.D., and the
period, from that time to the Conquest, is utterly insufficient to account
for such grandiose and innumerable works; nor do the Spanish historians know
much of them. 

Nor again, must we forget that the temples of heathendom were odious to the
narrow bigotry of the Roman Catholic fanatics of those days; and that,
whenever the chance offered, they either converted them into Christian
churches or razed them to the ground. Another strong objection to the idea
lies in the fact that the Incas were destitute of a written language, and
that these antique relics of bygone ages are covered with hieroglyphics. "It
is granted that the Temple of the Sun, at Cuzco, was of Incal make, but that
is the latest of the five styles of architecture visible in the Andes, each
probably representing an age of human progress."

The hieroglyphics of Peru and Central America have been; are, and will most
probably remain for ever as dead a letter to our cryptographers as they were
to the Incas. The latter like the barbarous ancient Chinese and Mexicans
kept their records by means of a quipus (or knot in Peruvian)--a cord,
several feet long, composed of different colored threads, from which a
multicolored fringe was suspended; each color denoting a sensible object,
and knots serving as ciphers. "The mysterious science of the quipus," says
Prescott, "supplied the Peruvians with the means of communicating their
ideas to one another, and of transmitting them to future generations. . . ."
Each locality, however, had its own method of interpreting these elaborate
records, hence a quipus was only intelligible in the place where it was
kept. "Many quipus have been taken from the graves, in excellent state of
preservation in color and texture," writes Dr. Heath; "but the lips, that
alone could pronounce the verbal key, have for ever ceased their function,
and the relic-seeker has failed to note the exact spot where each was found,
so that the records, which could tell so much we want to know, will remain
sealed till all is revealed at the last day." . . . if anything at all is
revealed then. But what is certainly as good as a revelation now, while our
brains are in function, and our mind is acutely alive to some pre-eminently
suggestive facts, is the incessant discoveries of archaeology, geology,
ethnology and other sciences. 

It is the almost irrepressible conviction that man having existed upon earth
millions of years--for all we know,--the theory of cycles is the only
plausible theory to solve the great problems of humanity, the rise and fall
of numberless nations and races, and the ethnological differences among the
latter. This difference--which, though as marked as the one between a
handsome and intellectual European and a digger Indian of Australia, yet
makes the ignorant shudder and raise a great outcry at the thought of
destroying the imaginary "great gulf between man and brute creation"--might
thus be well accounted for. 

The digger Indian, then in company with many other savage, though to him
superior, nations, which evidently are dying out to afford room to men and
races of a superior kind, would have to be regarded in the same light as so
many dying-out specimens of animals--and no more. Who can tell but that the
forefathers of this flat-headed savage--forefathers who may have lived and
prospered amidst the highest civilization before the glacial period--were in
i the arts and sciences far beyond those of the present civilization--though
it may be in quite another direction'? 

That man has lived in America, at least 50,000 years ago, is now proved
scientifically and remains a fact beyond doubt or cavil. In a lecture
delivered at Manchester, in June last, by Mr. H. A. Allbutt, Honorary Fellow
of the Royal Anthropological Society, the lecturer stated the
following:--"Near New Orleans, in one part of the modern delta, in
excavating for gas works, a series of beds, almost wholly made up of
vegetable matter, were dug through. In the excavation, at a depth of 16 feet
from the upper surface, and beneath four buried forests, one on the top of
the other, the labourers discovered some charcoal and the skeleton of a man,
the cranium of which was reported to be that of the type of the aboriginal
Red Indian race. To this skeleton Dr. Dowler ascribed an antiquity of some
50,000 years." 

The irrepressible cycle in the course of time brought down the descendants
of the contemporaries of the late inhabitant of this skeleton, and
intellectually as well as physically they have degenerated, as the present
elephant has degenerated from his proud and monstrous forefather, the
antediluvian Sivatherium whose fossil remains are still found in the
Himalayas; or, as the lizard has from the plesiosaurus. Why should man be
the only specimen upon earth which has never changed in form since the first
day of his appearance upon this planet? The fancied superiority of every
generation of mankind over the preceding one is not yet so well established
as to make it impossible for us to learn some day that, as in everything
else, the theory is a two-sided question--incessant progress on the one side
and an as irresistible decadence on the other of the cycle. "Even as regards
knowledge and power, the advance, which some claim as a characteristic
feature of humanity, is effected by exceptional individuals who arise in
certain races under favourable circumstances only, and is quite compatible
with long intervals of immobility, and even of decline,"9
<> says
a modern man of science. This point is corroborated by what we see in the
modern degenerate descendants of the great and powerful races of ancient
America--the Peruvians and the Mexicans. "How changed! How fallen from their
greatness must have been the Incas, when a little band of one hundred and
sixty men could penetrate, uninjured, to their mountain homes, murder their
worshipped kings and thousands of their warriors, and carry away their
riches, and that, too, in a country where a few men with stones could resist
successfully an army! Who could recognize in the present Inichua and Aymara
Indians their noble ancestry?" . . . 

Thus writes Dr. Heath, and his conviction that America was once united with
Europe, Asia, Africa and Australia, seems as firm as our own. There must
exist geological and physical cycles as well as intellectual and spiritual;
globes and planets, as well as races and nations, are born to grow,
progress, decline and--die. Great nations split, scatter into small tribes,
lose all remembrance of their integrity, gradually fall into their primitive
state and--disappear, one after the other, from the face of the earth. So do
great continents. Ceylon must have formed, once upon a time, part of the
Indian continent. So, to all appearances, was Spain once joined to Africa,
the narrow channel between Gibraltar and the latter continent having been
once upon a time dry land. Gibraltar is full of large apes of the same kind
as those which are found in great numbers on the opposite side on the
African coast, whereas nowhere in Spain is either a monkey or ape to be
found at any place whatever. And the caves of Gibraltar are also full of
gigantic human bones, supporting the theory that they belong to an
antediluvian race of men. 

The same Dr. Heath mentions the town of Eten in 70 S. latitude of America,
in which the inhabitants of an unknown tribe of men speak a monosyllabic
language that imported Chinese labourers understood from the first day of
their arrival. They have their own laws, customs and dress, neither holding
nor permitting communication with the outside world. No one can tell whence
they came or when; whether it was before or after the Spanish Conquest. They
are a living mystery to all, who chance to visit them. . . .

With such facts before us to puzzle exact science herself, and show our
entire ignorance of the past verily, we recognise no right of any man on
earth--whether in geography or ethnology, in exact or abstract sciences--to
tell his neighbour--"so far shalt thou go, and no further!"

But, recognizing our debt of gratitude to Dr. Heath of Kansas, whose able
and interesting paper has furnished us with such a number of facts and
suggested such possibilities, we can do no better than quote his concluding
reflections. "Thirteen thousand years ago," he writes, "Vega or a Lyræ, was
the north polar star; since then how many changes has she seen in our
planet! How many nations and races spring into life, rise to their zenith of
splendour, and then decay; and when we shall have been gone thirteen
thousand years, and once more she resumes her post at the north, completing
a 'Platonic or Great Year,' think you that those who shall fill our places
on the earth at that time will be more conversant with our history than we
are of those that have passed? Verily might we exclaim, in terms almost
psalmistic, 'Great God, Creator and Director of the Universe, what is man
that Thou art mindful of him'!"

Amen! ought to be the response of such as yet believe in a God who is "the
Creator and Director of the Universe."





….But there are certain points in it, in which I cannot but join issue with
you. In order to account for the most striking resemblances that existed in
the manners, customs, social habits and traditions of the primitive peoples
of the two worlds, you have recourse to the old Platonic theory of a
land-connection between them. But the recent researches in the Novemyra have
once for all exploded that theory. They prove that, with the exception of
the severance of Australia from Asia, there never was a submersion of land
on so gigantic a scale as to produce an Atlantic or a Pacific Ocean….

You would not have fallen into any error, had you accepted M. Quatrefages'
theory of migrations by sea. 

The plains of Central Asia are accepted by all monogenists as the centre of
appearance of the human race. From this place successive waves of emigrants
radiated to the utmost verge of the world. It is no wonder that the ancient
Chinese, Hindus, Egyptians, Peruvians and Mexicans--men who once inhabited
the same place--should show the strong resemblances in certain points of
their life. ….

AMRITA LAL BISVAS. Calcutta, 11th July.
HPB replied:

Scant leisure this month prevents our making any detailed answer to the
objections to the Atlantan hypothesis intelligently put forth by our
subscriber. But let us see whether--even though based upon "recent
researches" which "have once for all exploded that theory"--they are as
formidable as at first sight they may appear.

…More than one scientific question, which at one time has seemingly been put
at rest for ever, has exploded at a subsequent one over the heads of
theorists who had forgotten the danger of trying to elevate a simple theory
into an infallible dogma. We have not questioned the assertion that "there
never was a submersion of land on so gigantic a scale as to produce an
Atlantic or a Pacific Ocean," for we never pretended to suggest new theories
for the formation of oceans. 

The latter may have been where they now are since the time of their first
appearance, and yet whole continents been broken into fragments partially
engulfed, and left innumerable islands, as seems the case with the submerged

What we meant was that, at some pre-historic time and long after the globe
teemed with civilized nations, Asia, America and perhaps Europe were parts
of one vast continental formation, whether united by such narrow strips of
land as evidently once existed where now is Behring Strait (which connects
the North Pacific and Arctic Oceans and has a depth of hardly more than
twenty to twenty-five fathoms) or by larger stretches of land. 

Nor shall we fight the monogenists who claim Central Asia as the one cradle
place of humanity--but leave the task to the polygenists who are able to do
it far more successfully than ourselves. But, in any case, before we can
accept the theory of monogenesis, its advocates must offer us some
unanswerable hypothesis to account for the observed differences in human
types better than that of "divarication caused by difference of climate,
habits and religious culture." 

M. Quatrefages may remain, as ever, indisputably a most distinguished
naturalist--physician, chemist and zoologist--yet we fail to understand why
we should accept his theories in preference to all others. Mr. Amrita Lal
Bisvas evidently refers to a narrative of some scientific travels along the
shores of the Atlantic and the Mediterranean, by this eminent Frenchman,
entitled--"Souvenirs d'un Naturaliste." …. we never accept on faith any
authority upon any question whatsoever; nor, pursuing, as we do, TRUTH and
progress through a full and fearless enquiry, untrammelled by any
consideration, would we advise any of our friends to do otherwise.

Having said so much, we may now give a few of our reasons for believing in
the alleged "fable" of the submerged Atlantis--though we explained ourselves
at length upon the subject in Isis Unveiled (Vol. I, pp. 590, et seq.). 

First.--We have as evidence the most ancient traditions of various and
widely-separated peoples--legends in India, in ancient Greece, Madagascar,
Sumatra, Java, and all the principal isles of Polynesia, as well as those of
both Americas. Among savages, as in the traditions of the richest literature
in the world--the Sanskrit literature of India--there is an agreement in
saying that, ages ago, there existed in the Pacific Ocean, a large continent
which, by a geological upheaval, was engulfed by the sea. 

And it is our firm belief--held, of course, subject to correction--that
most, if not all of the islands from the Malayan Archipelago to Polynesia,
are fragments of that once immense submerged continent. Both Malacca and
Polynesia, which lie at the two extremes of the Ocean and which, since the
memory of man, never had nor could have any intercourse with, or even a
knowledge of each other, have yet a tradition, common to all the islands and
islets, that their respective countries extended far, far out into sea; that
there were in the world but two immense continents, one inhabited by yellow,
the other by dark men; and that the ocean, by command of the gods and to
punish them for their incessant quarrelling, swallowed them up.

2. Notwithstanding the geographical fact that New Zealand, and Sandwich and
Easter Islands, are at a distance, from each other, of between 800 and 1,000
leagues; and that, according to every testimony, neither these nor any other
intermediate islands, for instance, the Marquesan, Society, Feejee,
Tahitian, Samoan and other islands, could, since they became islands,
ignorant as their people were of the compass, have communicated with each
other before the arrival of Europeans; yet, they, one and all, maintain that
their respective countries extended far toward the west, on the Asian side. 

Moreover, with very small differences, they all speak dialects evidently of
the same language, and understand each other with little difficulty; have
the same religious beliefs and superstitions; and pretty much the same

And as few of the Polynesian islands were discovered earlier than a century
ago, and the Pacific Ocean itself was unknown to Europe until the days of
Columbus, and these islanders have never ceased repeating the same old
traditions since the Europeans first set foot on their shores, it seems to
us a logical inference that our theory is nearer to the truth than any
other. Chance would have to change its name and meaning, were all this due
but to chance alone.

Theosophist, March, -- August, 1880 


[Reprint: HPB Articles (U L T ) Vol. 3 p. 410…]



Best wishes,





[Non-text portions of this message have been removed]

[Back to Top]

Theosophy World: Dedicated to the Theosophical Philosophy and its Practical Application