Re: Theos-World More of What Gautama said to Kalamas
Oct 22, 2000 08:33 PM
by Nick Weeks
The passage Art uses is often so misquoted. Actually the Kalama Sutta is not
quite as anti-authority as many would like. But if one ignores a few lines
here and there it can appear that way.
First, the Kalamas approach Buddha for advice. If He really intended to
foster their total self-reliance He would have sent them away with "Don't ask
me, go within yourselves." But He did not do so.
4. "It is proper for you, Kalamas, to doubt, to be uncertain; uncertainty has
arisen in you about what is doubtful. Come, Kalamas. Do not go upon what has
been acquired by repeated hearing; nor upon tradition; nor upon rumor; nor
upon what is in a scripture; nor upon surmise; nor upon an axiom; nor upon
specious reasoning; nor upon a bias towards a notion that has been pondered
over; nor upon another's seeming ability; nor upon the consideration, 'The
monk is our teacher.' "
At this point comes the blurring of the teaching. Actually Buddha suggested
three criteria for rejecting (or accepting) a teaching.
"Kalamas, when you yourselves know:
1) 'These things are bad; these things are blamable;
2) these things are censured by the wise;
3) undertaken and observed, these things lead to harm and ill,' abandon
Numbers 1 says when you know for yourself that something is bad -- drop it.
Number 3 says when you know for yourself that something will eventually lead
to badness -- drop it. However, number 2 says take into account what wise
authorities say. Can this be? Pay attention to someone other than ME?
Evidently Buddha thought total self-reliance was not a good idea.
Later on the sutta gives the 3 criteria that should be applied to accepting
a teaching. He repeats the same threefold advice, including paying attention
to whether wise authorities praise something. If they do, then follow their
One can study a couple of translations and a commentary by Bhikku Bodhi at
the Access to Insight webpage.
Considering the volumes of Buddhist works praising spiritual authorities and
requiring their guidance for the aspirant, it is ridiculous to keep harping
on this one out-of-context misquote as an authority (what an irony, eh?) for
ignoring all but ones own views.
Fare Thee Well,
Nicholas <> nick.weeks@.att.net <> Los Angeles
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